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Describing activities that took place in the past
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Writing a narrative text
There are several ways to express sequences in narrative
Continuing: Frst, then, after that, next, as soon as, imme
diately, Fnally.
Interrupting: Suddenly, unexpectedly.
The focus of a narrative written text is the plot, which has
to include enough details to build to a climax.
The narrative text needs to include the following elements:
It is usually told chronologically. The sequence of
events is the order things happen in a narrative text.
It usually has a purpose, which is usually stated in
the opening sentence.
It may use dialogue.
It is written with sensory details and vivid descrip-
tions to involve the reader. All these details relate in
some way to the main point the writer is making.
A narrative text needs to include an introduction, main body and conclusion. The
introduction, the Frst paragraph of a personal narrative introduces the subject, and
sets the scene for what is about to follow. It has to be clearly identiFed the experien
ce you are about to relate and clearly explained who was involved and when and
where the incident occurred.
The main body of the narrative text has to describe the plot as it happened. SufFcient
details help to make the characters real.
The last paragraph of a personal narrative, the conclusion, brings the information
together and closes the story. It describes the resolution.
An emotional
experience is often
the subject of a
personal narrative.
Karen LoBello